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Paper coatings with multi-scale roughness evaluated at different sampling sizes

Publication date 2011
B-Phot Authors Jurgen Van Erps, Hugo Thienpont
DOI 10.1016/j.apsusc.2011.01.059
P. Samyn, J. Van Erps, H. Thienpont, and G. Schoukens, “Paper coatings with multi-scale roughness evaluated at different sampling sizes,” Appl. Surf. Sci, vol. 257, no. 13, pp. 5613–5625, 2011.
Abstract Papers have a complex hierarchical structure and the end-user functionalities such as hydrophobicity are controlled by a finishing layer. The application of an organic nanoparticle coating and drying of the aqueous dispersion results in an unique surface morphology with microscale domains that are internally patterned with nanoparticles. Better understanding of the multi-scale surface roughness patterns is obtained by monitoring the topography with non-contact profilometry (NCP) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) at different sampling areas ranging from 2000 mu m x 2000 mu m to 0.5 mu m x 0.5 mu m. The statistical roughness parameters are uniquely related to each other over the different measuring techniques and sampling sizes, as they are purely statistically determined. However, they cannot be directly extrapolated over the different sampling areas as they represent transitions at the nano-, micro-to-nano and microscale level. Therefore, the spatial roughness parameters including the correlation length and the specific frequency bandwidth should be taken into account for each measurement, which both allow for direct correlation of roughness data at different sampling sizes. (C) 2011 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
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